With warm temperatures through September and the possibility of excessive rainfall that may occur during that period, diseases can spread rapidly. The following management practices will help you care for your lawn throughout the year. You need to apply 1⁄2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, but how much fertilizer do you need to buy? Receive Email Notifications for New Publications. Insect Control:  Cold winter temperatures will usually keep insect problems in zoysiagrass at bay. It is said to be dark green in color with a wide leaf blade and open growth habit. Mowing: The ideal mowing height for zoysiagrass cultivars can range from 1 to 2½ inches depending on your specific site and management. This is the only species of zoysiagrass that has seed commercially available. Glyphosate should not be sprayed on dormant zoysiagrass, as it will cause injury. Apply lime as suggested to modify soil pH. This turfgrass maintenance calendar may be used on turf growing throughout the state; however, management practices will need to be adjusted based on the year’s climate and the region where the turf is grown. Consider dethatching zoysiagrass when the thatch layer is greater than 1 inch. Once the threat for frost has passed, lawn aerification may be combined with dethatching to alleviate any soil compaction problems. Amend soil to maintain pH between 6.0 and 7.0; Know your soil type! Oct : Nov . If a weed problem begins and the grass has begun to green with warmer temperatures, wait until the grass has fully greened before applying a post-emergent herbicide. Zoysiagrass is an important turfgrass used throughout the southern regions of the United States and into the transition zones where both cool-season and warm-season grasses are adapted. Mole crickets, grubs, ground pearls, as well as nematodes can cause considerable damage. A&T State University, in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee See Water Requirements of North Carolina Turfgrasses (AG-661) for assistance in establishing controller runtimes in your region of North Carolina. For example, if you’ve got a 5-5-15 fertilizer, you divide 50 by 5 and you get 10. Fungicides should be applied in the fall when soil temperatures consistently reach 70°F. Clay soils, however, will hold moisture for a longer period. If the grass blades in the footprints rebound, there is plenty of moisture in the turf. Most areas of South Carolina receive enough rainfall during the winter to avoid winter desiccation of lawns. In absence of a soil test, … To manage a lawn, it is important to know the soil texture in the top foot of soil. White grubs may be active at this time but spring curative applications are not effective. Photo Credit: UF Photo Credit: UF Zoysia Turf Program The program recommended in this fact sheet is based on granular applications and recommended for turf that has a low - moderate maintenance need by homeowners. OK OK OK OK OK OK OK WATER: 1 inch per week if no rainfall OK OK OK OK OK OK OK FERTILIZATION: Use any turf fertilizer twice per year. These suggested maintenance will help you care for your lawnthroughoutthe year. Because of this, it will be important to monitor temperatures and apply the needed management practices based on that year’s climate. Insect Control A warm-season grass, Empire zoysia tolerates some cold weather but prefers climates where the winters are warm. N.C. Established lawns may be maintained at different levels of perfection according to individual situations and desires, but good lawns seldom “just happen.” This summary outlines major steps required to maintain a high-quality lawn year round.Steps in boldface type indicate a minimum program where time, money or interest dictates a usable lawn with least effort. Keeping your lawn lush and healthy requires attention every month of the year. There are several ways to determine when the lawn needs watering. Proper irrigation now will help reduce problems later in the summer. If an insect problem occurs, it is important to positively identify the problem and select the appropriate insecticide to apply. Zoysia japonica is the only species that can be established from seed. If more than six grubs are found under the sod piece, apply a lawn insecticide labelled for grub control according to label directions. Fertilization: Fertilization of zoysiagrass should be based on soil test results, and this is a good time to test soil. The authors would like to thank Arthur Bruneau, Henry Wetzel, Daniel Bowman, Richard Cooper, and Cale A. Bigelow for their prior contributions. Fall is when your Zoysia starts to slow down for the year, so now is the time to do preventative maintenance. Zoysiagrasses are low-growing, very slow-growing, sod-forming grasses. Lets face it sometimes we need a little help knowing the facts about weed management for our home lawn. Aug : Sep . However, if a pre-emergent herbicide was applied late February to mid-March, postpone any cultivation practices that will disturb the soil until just before the next pre-emergent herbicide application date. — Read our Make note of areas with white grub activity and plan to apply a preventive application in the spring or early summer. For most zoysiagrass cultivars, turfgrass growers recommend a mowing height of 1½ inches. For more information on disease control, please see HGIC 2150 Brown Patch & Large Patch Diseases of Lawns. Control large patch disease by mowing to the proper height, mowing when the lawn is dry, and controlling thatch. If the turf does stay wet, circular areas may start to develop and slowly grow in size. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Zoysiagrass is normally vegetatively planted (sod or plugs), but seeded varieties Zenith and Compadre are available. For more information, refer to HGIC 1207, Watering Lawns and HGIC 1225, Conserving Turfgrass Irrigation. Establishment from plugs is very slow (typically two to four years). ZOYSIA MAINTENANCE CALENDAR The following table shows the optimal time period to perform maintenance practices. If ragged ends of leaf blades become apparent after mowing, the blade needs sharpening. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. 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